About this course
Atoms with an unmatched electron in their s orbital are very active. The best way to calm them down is to match them up.
Many times, energy is released. Why and how does that happen?
This course looks at hydrogen atoms when they join to form H2, or hydrogen gas. The goal is to visualize how the two electrons of two hydrogen atoms come together to form a "solid" bond.
But first, let's discuss very fast creatures.
Picture credit: By BlueRingMedia. Shutterstock ID 152409845. Illustration of the element Hydrogen.
The first module describes how small and very fast entities behave.
By the end of this module, you will be able to visualize how our reality changes depending on our size and the speed at which we move.
Picture credit: By Tatiana53. Shutterstock ID: 10939195. Sphere. 3d.
Elements that are very small move faster.
This article begins the discussion on small things and their speed.
When things move very fast, we can barely see them as individual objects.
There are many examples of single entities blending into a composite image when motion is added.
Our reality will change depending on our size and the speed with which we move.
Hydrogen, with its lone electron has the perfect s orbital.
This module brings in the concepts from the first module and discusses the hydrogen atom.
By the end of this module, you should be able to see how electrons behave, particularly within s orbitals. In these orbitals, one electron can envelope the nucleus like a shroud.
First, let's talk about the hydrogen atom. Hydrogen is the most prevalent element in the Universe.
It is also the most versatile.
Its lone s orbital electron can navigate different energy shells fluidly to form 3 separate states.
The electron is moving so astonishingly fast that it creates layer upon layer of electrons between us and the nucleus.
Keep in mind that this is only one electron creating this cloud. The blanket of electrons around the nucleus is the atomic s orbital.
When atoms with lone s-orbital electrons come together, the electrons have to follow certain rules.
This would be similar to the rules that we would follow when we share an apartment with roommates.
Given electrons are constantly in motion, why are the bonds between atoms solid?
Why don't the electrons leave, allowing the bonds to disintegrate?
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