About Creating a solid Hydrogen bond for H2
Atoms with an unmatched electron in their s orbital are very active. The best way to calm them down is to match them up.
Many times, energy is released. Why and how does that happen?
This course looks at hydrogen atoms when they join to form H2, or hydrogen gas. The goal is to visualize how the two electrons of two hydrogen atoms come together to form a “solid” bond.
But first, let’s discuss very fast creatures.
Picture credit: By BlueRingMedia . ID 152409845. Illustration of the element Hydrogen.
Elements that are very small move faster. This article begins the discussion on small things and their speed.
When things move very fast, we can barely see them as individual objects.There are many examples of single entities blending into a composite image when motion is added.
Our reality will change depending on our size and the speed with which we move.
First, let's talk about the hydrogen atom. Hydrogen is the most prevalent element in the Universe.It is also the most versatile.Its lone s orbital electron can navigate different energy shells fluidly to form 3 separate states.
The electron is moving so astonishingly fast that it creates layer upon layer of electrons between us and the nucleus.Keep in mind that this is only one electron creating this cloud. The blanket of electrons around the nucleus is the atomic s orbital.
When atoms with lone s-orbital electrons come together, the electrons have to follow certain rules.This would be similar to the rules that we would follow when we share an apartment with roommates.
The hydrogen molecule has 2 electrons forming a "solid" 2 electron bond keeping the two atoms close together. How does that happen when the electrons are moving all over the place in the spherical s orbital?
The two hydrogen atom electrons have multiple options: bonding, non-bonding, and anti-bonding positions. However, they have the least energy when they are in a bonding position - between the 2 nuclei.
Why is the hydrogen bond (with just two electrons) a pretty solid bond?
About the Teacher
Juman is a retired physician after having been in clinical practice for more than four decades. Her lifelong interest has been in the chemistry of life.